Some commentators take the view that the growth of multi-national companies operating on a global basis is now so well developed that cities are best viewed as helpless victims in a global flow of events. Distant, unelected decision makers now determine city futures, not urban residents.
But are there fresh ways to think about our urban future?
Evidence from across the world shows that cities and their people are taking decisive action to shape their destiny according to progressive values from advancing social justice to promoting care for the environment and bolstering community empowerment.
So what kind of a City Region does Liverpool want to become? And what place-based civic leadership will be required to achieve this?